She smoked, drank, danced, and voted. She cut her hair, wore make-up, and went to petting parties. She was giddy and took risks. She was a flapper. This picture was taken from http: On the left you have a woman from the early s: The picture on the right shows women from the s. Their attire is much more revealing and flashy from their their individualized hats, their shorter, sleeveless dresses, down to their strap-on heals.

Feminism in Literature Women in the Early to Mid-20th Century (1900-1960) – Essay

Flappers and the Roaring 20’s Costume History: Flappers were women who were characterized by their choice of bobbed hair, short skirts, and their enjoyment of jazz music. They were branded as brash for their enjoyment of casual sex, drinking, immoderate makeup, driving cars and smoking.

s. When we think of the automobile era, we think of the s. Whereas the car had been the plaything of the wealthy in the first two decades of the 20 th century, in the s it became widely available to the general population. More modest pricing and improved roads and highways systems launched the automobile into the daily lives of Americans.

When asked to imagine this lost group, images of bobbysoxers, letterman jackets, malt shops and sock hops come instantly to mind. Images like these are so classic, they, for a number of people, are “as American as apple pie. Because of these entertainment forums, these images will continue to be a pop cultural symbol of the ‘s. After the second World War, teenagers became much more noticeable in America Bailey Their presence and existence became readily more apparent because they were granted more freedom than previous generations ever were.

Teenagers like these were unique. They were given a chance to redefine the ways things were done in America. One of the conventions they put a new spin on, and consequently revolutionize, is the idea and practice of dating. The ‘s set up precedents in dating that led to what many consider “normal” dating today. Then again, few other countries have the same social conditions as America. Since the turn of the century, there has been a greater freedom between men and women, for example, both attend the same schools with the same classes.

Both sexes become accustomed to the other at early ages which is very conducive to the practice of dating Merrill Dating essentially replaced the practice of calling which was the primary way of courtship before the mid ‘s. When a man “calls” upon a woman, he usually shows up at her house during an “at home” session and presents his card to the maid who then gives it to the young lady.

How Did Hollywood End Up ood?

View images by clicking on link or reduced image: Each image opens into a new window. These primitive, medium sized apes lived in rain forests between 18 and 22 million years ago.

Dating essentially replaced the practice of calling which was the primary way of courtship before the mid’s. When a man “calls” upon a woman, he usually shows up at her house during an “at home” session and presents his card to the maid who then gives it to the young lady.

The Invention of the Teenager The automobile was monumental in the evolution of courtship. High speed and moonlight drives inspired a spirit of reckless abandon. In the 19th century, the American world consisted of children and adults. Most Americans tried their best to allow their children to enjoy their youth while they were slowly prepared for the trials and tribulations of adulthood.

Although child labor practices still existed, more and more states were passing restrictions against such exploitation. The average number of years spent in school for young Americans was also on the rise. Parents were waiting longer to goad their youngsters into marriage rather than pairing them off at the tender age of sixteen or seventeen. In short, it soon became apparent that a new stage of life — the teenage phase — was becoming a reality in America. American adolescents were displaying traits unknown among children and adults.

Although the word teenager did not come into use until decades later, the teenage mindset dawned in the s. International News Photos These young women probably raised the eyebrows of a number of their fellow sunbathers. But only a few years later, young people would be smoking, drinking and dancing with an abandon never seen before in America. From Courtship to Dating The single greatest factor that led to the emergence of the independent teenager was the automobile.

Science fiction

Dating Rituals in the s By: Karen Spaeder In the s, long before the days of cell phones and social networking, dating was a simple affair that revolved around jukeboxes, soda fountains and well-defined social norms. Dating rituals dictated the proper ways for men to court women, with marriage being the desired outcome for couples that were “going steady. In the s, dating rituals were clearly defined. Meet Singles in your Area!

7. How did youth culture change during the s? 8. Dating, high school activities, and longer school enrollments in the s were all signs of what phenomenon? 9.

Gone were the corsets, elaborate long hair, layers of petticoats, as well as Victorian morality. You were emboldened by the right to vote. Some say you pushed the boundaries too far — smoking, drinking, showing your knees, carousing at speakeasies. No longer tied to tradition, you redefined what it meant to be a lady. As a woman you now had freedom to choose. Who would you vote for?

What career would you pursue? How would you dress? And most importantly, should you cut your hair? February I never saw Lila Lane. I first heard of her when I came to Lanesville to teach school. She had passed away the spring before, leaving a disconsolate husband and four babies. The sad event had been the occasion of much discussion, and expressions of sympathy in the community.

Dating Rituals in the 1950s

Giles Time Frame In the s, women suffragists were gaining the right to vote in countries all over the world. According to the BBC, women were given the right to vote in in Norway in , in in Russia and in in Germany. Women in Britain participated in their first election in

fashion in the s In the aftermath of World War I, America entered a prosperous era and, as a result of her role in the war, came out onto the world stage. Social customs and morals were relaxed in the giddy optimism brought on by the end of the war and the booming of the Stock Market.

A large collection of oral histories from the Copper Country in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan and northeastern Minnesota were recorded in the ‘s by staff and students of Suomi College, now Finlandia University. While there many interviews with Finnish Americans from the Great Lakes Region, the scope of the project also included people from other communities and ethnic groups, and includes clergy, lawmen, doctors, and business leaders such as William Parsons Todd of the Quincy Mining Company.

There are approximately hours of transcribed interviews and about hours of non-transcribed interviews. All transcripts were scanned into. Click on the thumbnails below for larger. Complete interviews are available to visiting researchers at the Finnish American Historical Archive. Click here for a list of project contributors from the ‘s and the current project. Copyright Office or Library of Congress , including unauthorized re-publication, is a violation of Federal Law. For any other use, express written consent must be obtained from the Finnish American Historical Archive:

Dating in the 1920s: Lipstick, Booze and the Origins of Slut-Shaming

A New Jazz Culture Throughout the s, jazz music evolved into an integral part of American popular culture. The “primitive” jazz sound that had originated in New Orleans diversified, and thus appealed to people from every echelon of society. The effect of jazz music upon society can be depicted through a close examination of different aspects of popular culture.

Jazz music had a profound effect on the literary world, which can be illustrated through the genesis of the genre of jazz poetry. Fashion in the s was another way in which jazz music influenced popular culture.

Changing Ways of Life in the s THE NEW URBAN SCENE At the beginning of the s, New York, with a population of million people, topped the list of big cities. Next came Chicago, with nearly 3 million, and Philadelphia, with nearly 2 million.

Working and Voting — Women in the s Dan Bryan, March 6 Female participation in the workforce increased in the s. The right to vote and the rise of new occupations seemed to augur a new independence for women… an independence with limits. Their position in the workplace throughout the s was an indicator of this. Women voters and the Sheppard-Towner Act Many people had either feared or anticipated the emergence of a “woman’s” voting block, but that did not seem to be the case in In the year of a landslide victory for Warren Harding, most votes were still divided on ethnic lines.

Women tended to vote for Harding, because most of them who made it to the polls were of upper-class, Republican vintage. Those who were of a lower-class or immigrant background were more likely to vote Democrat, but gender was not the defining issue in either case. In , the effects of women’s suffrage could be clearly seen in the passage of the Sheppard-Towner Act.

Life in the 20s

Love, romance, and “wild women” in the s The s brought many changes for young women in the United States. As in the play ” Thoroughly Modern Millie “, millions of young women left the safety and security of rural, small-town life and went to live an independent life in the big city. The flapper culture is perhaps the best example of the type of life that many of them aspired to. Flappers flapper , [flapper] were young, independent, brash, and sometimes more than a little bit “naughty”, at least compared to what their family back on the farm expected.

Some of the most frequent collocates for flappers in COHA are dress, hair, blond, smoking, flat-chested, and chic, all of which make sense. In the sections that follow, I first look at some of the slang terms that were new in the s, which were used to describe these new women.

The dating website presented suggestions for romantic partners based on similarities in the data each person provided, the compatibility of which was computed mathematically. 3 This presented a stark change from early propriety or even the free-love model of the s and s, a move which became further pronounced with the development of the.

Differences Between s and Today’s Teens There are some marked differences between teens in the s and teenagers today. Teens in the s didn’t have cell phones, iPods, or laptop computers, and didn’t use a lot of technology. In fact, many did not even have telephones in their homes, and there were no televisions to distract them either. Teenagers spent time listening to radio shows and music, socializing with friends, and in the pursuit of various arts and studies.

Late in the decade, young people could also enjoy movies with sound for the first time. Education was not as revered in the s or as essential as it is today. Many teens took on full-time careers as young as 14 and quit school.

Teenagers in the 1920s

Under any moniker, the era embodied the beginning of modern America. Numerous Americans felt buoyed up following World War I America had survived a deadly worldwide influenza epidemic Early in the s the U. Elected president in , Warren G.

Twenties Fashions, Major Advances in Technology with many of the inventions still in use today, The growth of the movie industry, Start of the Mass Production of cars, Radios For The Home and Popular Culture, The Twenties were a time of radical change caused by the many changes happening in technology with new advancements, discoveries, and inventions.

In the early s, white Americans, especially those living in booming Northern cities, enjoyed post-war prosperity and economic growth. On the other hand, Southern black Americans saw little change in their socioeconomic status. The combination of increasing racial pride and long-standing racial hatred led to a tension-filled decade, known as the Roaring Twenties.

Membership was secretive, but historians estimate that there were between one and eight million members by the mid s. Klan members used their power to manipulate state and local politics, forcing members to recruit voters who promised to support racist politics, white supremacy, Anglo-Saxon Protestantism and segregation. In , the Klan successfully orchestrated and won mayoral elections across the nation, stretching from Portland, Maine to Portland, Oregon.

The Klan also participated in violent activities, such as whippings, tar-and-feather attacks and lynchings across the South and Midwest. He used biblical values to support his political and economic goals that were designed to help poor, often mistreated, black Americans.

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Usui Sensei , founder of the Reiki System of Healing. Mikao Usui, or Usui Sensei as he is called by Reiki students in Japan, was born August 15, in the village of Taniai in the Yamagata district of Gifu prefecture, which is located near present-day Nagoya, Japan. As he grew older, he traveled to Europe and China to further his education. His curriculum included medicine, psychology and religion as well as the art of divination, which Asians have long considered to be a worthy skill.

The connections Usui Sensei made at this job helped him to also become a successful businessman.

During the Jazz Age (s), in an attempt to profit from the growing public taste for big band music, many Hollywood productions recruited the most popular jazz bands to record soundtracks for their “talking,” “singing,” and “dancing” films (Stowe ).

Because lead particles in automobile exhaust travel in wind, rain and snow, which know no national boundaries, lead makers and refiners who peddle leaded gasoline knowingly injure not only the local populations using their product but men, mice and fish tens of thousands of miles distant. GM and Standard Oil sold their leaded gasoline subsidiary, the Ethyl Gasoline Corporation, to Albemarle Paper in , while Du Pont only cleaned up its act recently, but all hope to leave their leaded gasoline paternity a hushed footnote to their inglorious pasts.

The principal maker of lead additive today the Associated Octel Company of Ellesmere Port, England and its foremost salesmen Octel and the Ethyl corporation of Richmond, Virginia acknowledge what they see as a political reality: Their product will one day be run out of business. But they plan to keep on selling it in the Third World profitably until they can sell it no longer. These mighty corporations should pay Ethyl and Octel for keeping their old lies alive.

Along with the makers of lead paint and the lead trade organizations with whom they both once worked in close concert, suppliers and champions of lead gasoline additives—Ethyl, Du Pont and PPG—have been named as defendants in the suit. Though the number of cases of lead poisoning has been falling nationwide, the lead dust in exhaust spewed by automobiles in the past century will continue to haunt us in this one, coating our roads, buildings and soil, subtly but indefinitely contaminating our homes, belongings and food.

The Problem With Lead Lead is poison, a potent neurotoxin whose sickening and deadly effects have been known for nearly 3, years and written about by historical figures from the Greek poet and physician Nikander and the Roman architect Vitruvius to Benjamin Franklin. Odorless, colorless and tasteless, lead can be detected only through chemical analysis. Unlike such carcinogens and killers as pesticides, most chemicals, waste oils and even radioactive materials, lead does not break down over time.